What Are the Different Types of Abortion?

Abortion, Uncategorized

If you’re considering abortion, it’s important to understand the various options that may be available to you, as well as the risks and side effects related to each.

There are two main types of abortion, including medical abortions (also called the abortion pill) and surgical abortions. BsideU for Life is here to help you learn more about the pregnancy options available to you so you can make an empowered and educated choice for your future.

Medical Abortion

Medical abortion, or the abortion pill, is a form of chemical abortion available to women in the first 70 days, or ten weeks, of pregnancy. This process requires taking two drugs, Mifepristone and Misoprostol.

Mifepristone is used to end the pregnancy by preventing the body from absorbing the necessary amounts of progesterone, while Misoprostol is taken later to cause contractions and force the pregnancy tissue from the womb.

Surgical Abortion Procedures

The two main forms of surgical abortions are Suction Curettage and Dilation and Evacuation (D&E). The type of surgical abortion procedure used largely depends on how far along the pregnancy is at the time of the procedure. 

Suction Curettage Abortions

A Suction Curettage abortion is typically used in the first trimester of pregnancy. During this procedure, the abortion provider will dilate the cervix and insert a plastic tube into the uterus. A suctioning device connected to the tube will then be used to pull apart and suction the pregnancy tissue from the uterus.

To ensure there is no retained fetal tissue, the abortion provider will scrape the uterus using a curette tool. Retained fetal tissue, also called an incomplete abortion, can lead to infection, sepsis, or hemorrhaging.

Dilation and Evacuation Abortion

Dilation and Evacuation (D&E) abortion procedures are used in the second trimester of pregnancy due to the more developed stage of the fetus. In this procedure, the abortion provider will dilate the cervix and use forceps to break apart and remove the bones and tissue of the pregnancy, as well as the placenta.

What Are the Side Effects and Risks Related to Abortion? 

Before undergoing an abortion procedure, take time to educate yourself regarding the side effects and risks you may face.

When taking the abortion pill, women may experience side effects including nausea, fever, chills, dizziness, diarrhea, weakness, vomiting, and headaches, as well as more severe health risks such as infection, sepsis, and hemorrhaging.

In addition to bleeding and cramping, surgical abortions may result in health risks including infection, prolonged bleeding, uterine perforation, and injury to the cervix.

Is Abortion Right for Me? 

Knowing if abortion is the right pregnancy choice for you is not easy. Thankfully, the more information you have, the more empowered and sure you will be as you make a choice for your pregnancy.

Before deciding if abortion is right for you, it’s important to receive pre-abortion screenings, including pregnancy testing, an ultrasound scan, STI testing, and a medical consultation.

Looking for free pregnancy services? BsideU for Life provides the necessary pre-abortion screenings, as well as helpful information on all of the options and resources available to you — all at no cost!

Visit BsideU for Life today to learn more about your eligibility for various pregnancy options, understand your risk factors, and explore our empowering education and resource programs!

Schedule your free appointment today! 

How to Recover Emotionally After An Abortion


Are you struggling emotionally after an abortion? Abortion is a serious procedure with common physical and emotional effects. A study revealed that women who have an abortion face an increased risk for mental health problems including substance abuse, anxiety, and depression.

Maybe it feels like you are stuck and can’t seem to overcome the emotional turmoil. You are not alone in your abortion recovery journey. It is possible to experience hope and peace again. Here are ways to begin your road to recovery.

1. Acknowledge Your Emotions

The emotions you could be experiencing at the moment are valid and normal after having such a traumatic procedure done. It’s important to face these emotions and work through them with someone you trust. Give yourself lots of grace as you navigate through each one, as it may come in waves. 

Common Post-Abortion Feelings/Tendencies

  • Sadness or Sorrow
  • Feeling of Loss
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Isolation
  • Regret or Guilt
  • Emotional Pain
  • Nightmares
  • Anger or Rage
  • Suicidal Impulses
  • Self-destructive Behavior

2. Find Support

You may have felt relief at the moment after abortion, but now you are experiencing sadness, grief, loss, and regret during your everyday life. You are not alone. There are so many people willing to come alongside you in this recovery journey – including our team at BsideU for Life. Simply talking in a safe place, no matter how long it’s been since having an abortion, will start the healing process. 

3. Help After Abortion

Healing is possible after abortion. Though it is difficult to face, you will thank yourself later for saying yes to the journey. We have created a post-abortion study to help women recover emotionally after an abortion.

Our post-abortion study consists of small groups of women and separate small groups of men participating in a safe, non-judgmental environment. Trained facilitators will help you through an 8-week study and offer any support you need along the way.

Schedule a free and confidential appointment to start your road to recovery today. 

How an Adoption Plan Can Prevent Depression Caused by Abortion

Abortion, Uncategorized

Making a pregnancy decision when facing an unplanned pregnancy can be overwhelming. Each choice involves some level of loss in the process. When choosing adoption, you can reduce the loss by staying in communication with your child after placement. 

Though it’s challenging, adoption can significantly impact you and your child’s future. Choosing adoption can even prevent depression caused by abortion, though it comes with some side effects of its own. Keep reading to learn more.

Abortion Vs. Adoption

Only you know what is best for you and your future. Neither adoption nor abortion is an easy choice to make. Take the time to learn as much as possible about both options. 


The option of abortion works to end an existing pregnancy and comes with significant health and emotional side effects.

The National Institute of Health (NIH) published an article examining different studies of the effect abortion has on mental health. It concluded:

  1. “There are no findings of mental health benefits associated with abortion.”
  2. “In most analyses, the association between abortion and higher rates of anxiety, depression, substance use, traumatic symptoms, sleep disorders, and other negative outcomes is statistically significant.”

According to numerous studies, if you already struggle with depression, which many women do, an abortion could worsen mental health issues.


Choosing adoption can be a painful experience emotionally, as no one is ready to place their child with an adoptive family. Though it may not be as traumatic as abortion, adoption is emotionally difficult for many birth mothers.

The Process of Adoption

As the birth mother, you completely control the adoption process. Depending on what kind of contact you want with your child and the adoptive family, you have adoption options. You can remain completely anonymous if that is better for your lifestyle or have open contact. There is no pressure to choose any type of adoption – but it’s entirely up to you.

Making a Decision

We know the emotions you may be feeling at this moment when thinking of adoption. Only you truly know your life’s situation and the best choice. It’s important to consider all your options as they will affect your future. 

Get more information on abortion, adoption, parenting, & pregnancy at our center today. We can sit down with you and answer any questions or concerns you have about adoption. Our compassionate team is here to listen and help.

Schedule a free and confidential appointment today.

What Are the Risks of Abortion?

Abortion, Uncategorized

In this blog we want to share the common risks of abortion and what to expect from abortion. Many women don’t know what they are getting into when moving forward with abortion. But you deserve to know the facts.

Here at BsideU for Life, we care about women and that’s why we offer free pregnancy services and support so you feel sure about your next step.

Common Risks of Abortion

There are two main types of abortion: medication abortion and surgical abortion. Each works to end an existing pregnancy through a series of medications or through surgery. With both types of abortion come serious risks. 

Risks of Medication Abortion

There are two abortion drugs involved in medication abortion, Mifepristone and Misoprostol. It’s important to know that only women 10 weeks pregnant or earlier are eligible for this type of abortion. The risks of these two drugs include…

  • Incomplete abortion (may need to be followed by surgical abortion)
  • An ongoing unwanted pregnancy if the procedure doesn’t work
  • Infection
  • Fever
  • Digestive system discomfort
  • Heavy and prolonged bleeding

Risks of Surgical Abortion

The two most common types of surgical abortion are aspiration abortions and a D&E (Dilation and Evacuation) abortion procedure. The type of surgical abortion procedure you receive depends on how far along you are, only known through an ultrasound. The risks of surgical abortion include…

  • Damage to the womb or cervix
  • Uterine perforation (accidentally putting a hole in the uterus with one of the instruments used)
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Infection of the uterus or fallopian tubes
  • Scarring of the inside of the uterus
  • Not removing all of the tissue, requiring another procedure

Make Sure You’re Pregnant

It’s crucial to your health that you confirm your pregnancy before making a final pregnancy decision, even after taking an at-home pregnancy test. A lab-quality pregnancy test and ultrasound will give you vital details to help you take the next step in your journey.

Schedule a free and confidential pregnancy confirmation appointment with us to be sure. We can also help answer your questions about any pregnancy options. We are here for you!

What Are the Signs of an Incomplete Abortion?

Abortion, Uncategorized

Whether you already had an abortion or are thinking of getting one, it’s important to understand one of the major risks: an incomplete abortion. What are the signs of incomplete abortion and how do you know if you are experiencing it? Seek medical attention right away if you have any of the below signs, or are still unsure about certain side effects you’re facing after abortion.

What is an Incomplete Abortion?

An incomplete abortion is one of the many risks of both surgical and medical abortion. It happens after terminating a pregnancy when the contents of the uterus are not completely expelled. There are still small parts of the pregnancy left in the womb. 

If you have an incomplete abortion, you are at an increased risk for infection, so it’s vital to seek medical attention right away. Normally the next step is another abortion procedure to remove what’s left of the pregnancy. 

Top Signs of Incomplete Abortion

There are painful symptoms of incomplete abortion. It is more common to experience after a medical abortion (the abortion pill) but there is still a chance of incomplete abortion with surgical abortion procedures. 

Seek immediate attention from a medical professional if you experience any of these signs of incomplete abortion:

  • Moderate to severe vaginal bleeding (saturating more than one pad an hour)
  • Lower abdominal and/or pain 
  • Pain in the back, buttocks, genitalia, and perineum 
  • Passing blood clots
  • A fever

Other Abortion Risks

Abortion is a serious medical procedure that comes with major risks and side effects. Some other risks of abortion could include infection, fever, damage to the cervix, excessive bleeding, and more. 

Contact us today to talk with our team about abortion or other pregnancy options. We are here to help with free and confidential services and support.

The Mental Health Effects of Abortion: What are they?


Is there a tie between abortion and mental health issues? The question has been hotly debated in the media, in politics, and within the abortion industry for decades. The answer to the question can be found in the studies done by mental health professionals.

The National Institute of Health (NIH) concluded women with a history of abortion do experience “elevated rates of mental illness” compared to women who haven’t had an abortion. 

In fact, according to the Task Force on Mental Health and Abortion (TFMHA), “some [women] experience clinically significant disorders, including depression and anxiety.”

Clearly, there is a connection between the negative effects abortion has on a woman’s mental health. 

A Woman’s Mental Health

According to the Mayo Clinic, women are almost twice as likely to experience depression as men. Do you wonder why? 

In another study by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), it was discovered that one of the primary reasons women experience more depression is because of the hormonal changes they go through. NIH stated that depression occurs more often “during puberty, prior to menstruation, following pregnancy, and at perimenopause.” 

Not only hormonal changes, but stress, an inherited trait, specific life experiences, and brain chemistry can also be factors for depression.

Why Abortion? 

The question remains, “Why does abortion trigger mental health problems?” For many women, having an abortion is a serious and traumatic experience. So traumatic, that some women experience Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). 

The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) says “Women are significantly more likely to experience PTSD than men.” Traumatic events such as physical or sexual abuse, rape, natural disasters, or witnessing the effects of a horrible or violent event can trigger PTSD in women.  

Symptoms for Post-Abortion Trauma

Although a feeling of relief initially follows an abortion, many women then begin to feel other symptoms such as:

  • Specific or generalized sense of grief and loss
  • Guilt/shame
  • Secrecy
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Persistent sadness or feeling hopeless
  • Changes in eating habits or weight
  • Excessive worry or fear
  • Rapid or extreme mood swings

Have You Or Someone You Know Experienced An Abortion?

Do you recognize any of these symptoms? If you or someone you know has experienced an abortion and is feeling these emotions, BSide U for Life wants you to know there is help and healing.

Our post-abortion study consists of small groups of women and separate small groups of men participating in a safe, non-judgmental environment. Trained facilitators help you learn about God, specifically focusing on his love and forgiveness offered in Christ.

Our post-abortion studies are available in two formats:

  • Once a week for 8 weeks
  • A weekend retreat (Friday, Saturday, Sunday) 

Contact BSide U for Life for dates of upcoming studies. You will find hope and peace again.

How Does an Ultrasound Work?

Pregnancy, Uncategorized

If you’ve recently discovered that you’re pregnant, you may be wondering what steps you need to take to get more information about your condition. One of the best ways to gather information on your pregnancy is through an ultrasound scan.

Today, we’re talking about the importance of ultrasound scans, how they work, and where and when to schedule yours.

How does an ultrasound work?

Imaging technology is often required to see internal organs and understand what’s happening inside the body. While some imaging technology used in the medical field utilizes radiation, ultrasound scans use harmless, high-frequency sound waves.

These waves are sent through the body using a transducer instrument. When the sound waves hit soft tissue or fluid they travel through, but when they hit denser surfaces they send echoes back to the transducer. These echoes are then translated through the computer to create an image of the body part under observation.1

I’m Pregnant — What Will an Ultrasound Reveal About my Pregnancy?

Ultrasounds are used by doctors in order to make certain diagnoses, guide surgeries, and, most commonly, to gather important information regarding pregnancy.

If you’re experiencing an unplanned pregnancy, you have three options: parenting, adoption, or abortion. Regardless of which pregnancy option you’re considering, getting an ultrasound is an important step in making an informed choice for your future.

Ultrasound scans provide patients and doctors with the following details about their pregnancies:

  • The age of the pregnancy
    For those who are hoping to parent or place the baby for adoption, knowing the age of your pregnancy will help you prepare along the way and make plans before and after the birth. If you’re considering abortion, the gestational age of your pregnancy may greatly impact your options as some procedures are only available during certain stages of pregnancy.
  • The viability of the pregnancy
    Not all pregnancies will result in a healthy human life. Pregnancies that are not developing properly or will not survive outside of the womb on their own are considered nonviable. Ultrasound scans will help your doctor determine the viability of your pregnancy and give you information about the options available to you.
  • Health concerns related to the pregnancy
    Regardless of the pregnancy option you are considering, it’s important to ensure that you don’t have any health conditions that could make pregnancy or abortion dangerous for you. Ultrasounds will reveal pregnancy health conditions, such as ectopic pregnancies, and will alert your doctor to the need for any emergency interventions.

When do I need to get an ultrasound?

It’s suggested to receive routine ultrasounds scans through the pregnancy, with the first ultrasound occuring in the first six to eight weeks.

If you are considering abortion and want to fully understand the options available to you, you may want to schedule an ultrasound scan at your local pregnancy center as soon as possible.

Where can I get a free ultrasound scan?

BsideU for Life offers free early pregnancy services, such as lab-quality pregnancy testing, ultrasound scans, education, resources, options counseling, and more!

Getting an ultrasound scan is easy and free at BsideU for Life, so schedule your free appointment today!

1. Brazier, Y. (2017) “How do ultrasound scans work?” www.medicalnewstoday.com. Accessed June 29, 2021.

Will My Insurance Pay for My Girlfriend’s Abortion?


“I’m pregnant.” These two words can bring immense feelings of joy and excitement for some, and fear, worry, and anxiety for others. 

If you’ve recently received the surprising news that your girlfriend is pregnant, it’s important to remember that help and resources are available to you both during this time.

Financial worries are often the biggest concerns for couples facing unplanned pregnancies. BsideU for Life is here to help you understand your pregnancy options and the costs you might face in the coming months.  We provide some financial classes for moms — and may be able to provide some financial guidance for interested dads, too.  

Will my insurance pay for my girlfriend’s abortion?

If you and your girlfriend are considering the option of abortion, it’s important to note that your insurance plan will only pay for medical expenses for you and any of your legal dependents.

The state of Kentucky also restricts private insurance plans from covering abortion, unless an additional rider is purchased for the plan or the situation meets certain health risk criteria.

So, your girlfriend may not be covered under her own private insurance plan, and, the state of Kentucky restricts public funding (e.g., Medicaid plans) from covering abortion, except in cases of life endangerment, rape, or incest.

While abortion will not be covered in the state of Kentucky, if your girlfriend chooses to carry the pregnancy, she will be covered under Kentucky Medicaid.

How much does abortion cost? 

Abortion costs can range anywhere from $500 – $3,000 and beyond. The cost will largely depend on where your girlfriend is accessing her abortion and how far along her pregnancy is.  Gestational age determines what kind of procedure she’ll have, and whether she’s eligible for the abortion pill.  The abortion pill option costs around $500, depending on the provider, and is only available during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy. 

In comparison, surgical abortions can be accessed throughout the pregnancy and increase in price as the pregnancy grows.

In addition to the base cost of an abortion, it’s recommended you also save for other costs that may come up related to necessary pre-abortion screenings like ultrasounds, lab-quality pregnancy testing, and STD testing. It’s important to consider the costs of  medications, follow-up appointments, travel and accommodation expenses (if required to access your abortion), and emergency medical care in case of abortion complications. 

Where can we find free pregnancy healthcare?

To avoid unnecessary pre-abortion expenses, schedule an appointment with your local pregnancy clinic. BsideU for Life provides the following services at no cost to you: 

  • Free pregnancy testing
  • Limited ultrasounds*
  • STI Testing and treatment (chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis)*
  • Maternity and infant clothing/supplies
  • Post-abortion counseling
  • Information on abortion, adoption, parenting, & pregnancy
  • Referrals for medication assistance, adoption services, community resources, financial assistance, and legal advice 

*for qualified clients

We are here to help you and your girlfriend each step of the way — from confirming a suspected pregnancy with an ultrasound scan to helping you each explore the options available during this time. 

How to Avoid Paying for an Ultrasound at Planned Parenthood

Abortion, Uncategorized

Getting an ultrasound is an important step in pre-abortion healthcare, but it can often be a challenge to know how to access one and where to go for affordable care. 

In today’s blog, we will address ultrasound basics – what you need to know about your scan — what it is, why it’s important, when and where to get one, and how to avoid paying for one at the abortion clinic.

What is an ultrasound?

Ultrasounds use high-frequency sound waves to create images that show what’s happening inside of the human body. In pregnancy, they are used to reveal important details and health conditions about the woman and the fetus.

If you’re facing an unexpected pregnancy, an ultrasound scan is an important step in deciding which pregnancy option is right for you.

Why do I need an ultrasound scan before an abortion?

Are you considering abortion and wondering why you need an ultrasound scan?

Here are a few reasons why ultrasounds are a necessary step in your pre-abortion care:

An ultrasound will identify if your pregnancy is viable
Ultrasounds are the easiest way to confirm that you are pregnant with a viable pregnancy, or, in other words, a pregnancy that has a chance of surviving outside of the womb. Pregnancies that are nonviable will not require typical abortion procedures and you’ll want to discuss your options further with your OB/GYN (and not an abortion provider).  For instance, if you are already miscarrying you don’t need an abortionist to charge you a fee when treatment, if needed from your OB/GYN, may be covered by insurance (when an abortion would not be).

An ultrasound will reveal any concerning health conditions
Abortion can lead to severe health consequences, so it’s important to take the necessary precautions to learn about your pregnancy. An ultrasound scan will reveal the potential for major health issues that could raise concern, including ectopic pregnancies. If a sonographer doesn’t see everything expected during a scan, your next appropriate step may be the emergency room, not an abortion provider.

An ultrasound will reveal the gestational age of your pregnancy
Knowing the gestational age of your pregnancy is essential in understanding your abortion options and the costs you might face. For example, the abortion pill is only effective in the first 10 weeks of pregnancy, which means if you are further along, you’re likely not eligible for the procedure.

When should I get an ultrasound? 

Whether or not you are considering abortion, it’s important that you receive an ultrasound scan. It is recommended that your first scan falls within the first 6-8 weeks of pregnancy if you are still weighing your pregnancy options.

Can I avoid paying for an ultrasound at Planned Parenthood? 

While you may be able to access an ultrasound scan at Planned Parenthood or another abortion clinic, you will likely have to cover the cost of the scan on top of the other services you will be paying for out-of-pocket.

With a positive pregnancy test result at BsideU, you can get some of the answers you are looking for with a no-cost ultrasound scan, provided your pregnancy is far enough along.  Doing so may help you avoid all the costs associated with a visit to an abortion provider, especially if you discover you don’t need them, but a visit to your regular OB/GYN instead.  Schedule an appointment at BsideU for Life–our clinic provides no-cost pregnancy testing, ultrasound scans, STI testing, and more to help you make an empowered choice for your pregnancy!

Schedule your free appointment today! 

What are the Side Effects of the Abortion Pill?


We spend hours and hours researching our next big purchase comparing brands, looking at photos, and reading reviews. It only makes sense you’re wanting to learn as much as possible when it comes to one of the biggest decisions you face to date. 

When it comes to your pregnancy options, abortion can often seem like the easiest route. For some, getting an abortion is like pushing a problem under a rug and hiding it so that nobody ever finds out. However, it’s important to remember abortion is a serious medical procedure that shouldn’t be taken lightly.

As you explore your pregnancy options, it’s important do the research necessary to understand the pros and cons of each choice, including the many risks and side effects that can accompany the abortion pill.


What is the abortion pill?

The abortion pill is a form of abortion that ends a pregnancy through chemical means. 

The abortion pill, also known as a medical abortion, uses two drugs to end a pregnancy within the first 11 weeks of development. The first drug, Mifepristone, stops the production of the pregnancy hormone progesterone, which inhibits the growth of the pregnancy. This drug is administered in a doctor’s office while Misoprostol, the second drug, is taken later at home. Misoprostol causes contractions to start, which forces the fetus from the uterus.

Are there side effects of the abortion pill?

With most abortions, whether medical or surgical, you can expect to experience some minor side effects like cramping, bleeding, abdominal pain, and discomforts like nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

In addition to these common side effects, you should also be aware of some of the more serious risks associated with abortion.

1. The Abortion Pill Can Cause Issues with Future Childbearing


For women who don’t feel ready to have a child now but are hoping for future pregnancies, it’s important to understand the impact abortion might have on your future pregnancies. The abortion pill has been associated with the risk of spontaneous preterm birth and abortion pill complications, such as infection, have been linked to fertility complications.1

2. Medical Abortions are Linked to Mental Health Issues

Many women report that the abortion pill and their experience of completing the abortion at home have caused mental health issues. These include things like depression and anxiety. At-home abortions via the abortion pill have also triggered pre-existing mental health conditions.2

3. The Abortion Pill Can Increase Risk for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Have you recently been tested for STDs? Having chlamydia at the time of an abortion increases your risk of developing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) by 23%.3 PID is an infection in a woman’s reproductive organs that can cause abscesses, fertility issues, and chronic pain. 

4. Medical Abortions Can Cause Relationship Issues Related to Bonding

While some women never experience physical side effects, many women report dealing with relationship issues in the wake of their abortions. From difficulties bonding with future children to a 45-75% increase in breakup and divorce following the procedure, there is strong evidence the impacts of the abortion pill go far beyond the physical body and impact even our closest relationships.4

5. The Abortion Pill May Lead to Life-Threatening Complications


On occasion, medical abortions fail to fully expel the pregnancy from the uterus, leaving the woman at risk for what’s called an “incomplete abortion.” Incomplete abortions, if untreated, can lead to infection, hemorrhaging, and potentially death.

If you think you might be experiencing an incomplete abortion, call your doctor immediately. 

What should I do if I’m pregnant?

Unplanned pregnancies can be accompanied by intense feelings of dread, anxiety, and shame. Know this — there is no shame and you’re not alone in your journey! Millions of women have walked in your shoes and have gone on to live fulfilling and amazing lives!

Your friends at BsideU for Life are here to help you navigate your unplanned pregnancy — from equipping you with all of the knowledge you need regarding each of your options to providing you with no-cost resources and healthcare!

1. Bhattacharya, S. et al. Reproductive outcomes following induced abortion: a national register-based cohort study in Scotland. BMJ Open. 2, (2012).

  1. Reardon DC. The abortion and mental health controversy: A comprehensive literature review of common ground agreements, disagreements, actionable recommendations, and research opportunities. SAGE open medicine. 2018;6: 1–38. 10.1177/2050312118807624 . [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

  2. Westergaard L, Phillipsen T, Scheibel J (1982). “Significance of cervical Chlamydia trachomatis infection in postabortal pelvic inflammatory disease.” Obstetrics and Gynecology, 68(5): 668-90; Ovigstad E, et al. (1983). “Pelvic inflammatory disease associated with Chlamydia trachomatis infection after therapeutic abortion.” Br J Vener Dis, 59: 189-92; Heisterberg L, et al. (1987). “The role of vaginal secretory immunoglobulin a, gardnerella vaginalis, anaerobes, and Chlamydia trachomatis in post abortal pelvic inflammatory disease.” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 66(2): 99-102.

  3. Ring-Cassidey, Elizabeth, and Ian Gentiles. “Women’s Health After Abortion: The Medical and Psychological Evidence”  The DeVeber Institute for Biothics and Social Research, Apr. 2002, www.deveber.org/womens-health-after-abortion/.